Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Placement: An Anonymous Survey of APSA Members

J Surg Res. 2021 Aug;264:16-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.12.065. Epub 2021 Mar 18.


Background: Although literature is sparse, there are guidelines regarding optimal placement technique for peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters in the pediatric population. Through this study, we sought to identify commonly used techniques among pediatric surgeons and identify areas for future work.

Materials and methods: A 16-question anonymous survey was emailed to American Pediatric Surgery Association members in September 2018 regarding routine practices for PD catheter placement. Descriptive statistics and Fisher's exact test were used for analysis.

Results: In all, there were 221 respondents, 6.8% of whom did not place PD catheters in their practice. Of the remaining 206, the majority have been in practice >15 y. PD catheter placement during fellowship training varied widely, with 6.5% reporting no fellowship experience to 6% reporting >25 placed during fellowship. Almost half (48%) reported placing catheters via laparoscopic approach (versus open or combined approach). Most (62%) respondents reported an annual practice volume of 1-5 catheters, with only 11% placing >10 per year. Exit-site sutures were placed "always" by 33% of participants and "never" by 49% of participants. There was no association between years in practice or fellowship experience and exit-site suture placement. However, there was a trend for "never" placement (72%) with more recent graduates. Omentectomy was performed by 91% of respondents, whereas 8.3% reported never performing omentectomy/omentopexy. Similarly, there was no association between practice and fellowship experience and omentectomy. In the setting of abdominal stoma, 96% reported placing the exit site on the opposite side of the abdomen. Fibrin glue was used along the tunnel by 21% of participants, ranging from "always" to "sometimes", whereas 79% "never" used it.

Conclusions: Fellowship, posttraining experience, and techniques in PD catheter placement vary widely among American Pediatric Surgery Association member respondents. Despite guidelines, practices differ among providers without an association between the number of cases performed in fellowship and postfellowship volume.

Keywords: Guidelines; Peritoneal dialysis; Practice patterns.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Catheterization / standards
  • Catheterization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Catheters, Indwelling
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clinical Competence / statistics & numerical data
  • Guideline Adherence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Internship and Residency / statistics & numerical data
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Omentum / surgery
  • Peritoneal Dialysis / instrumentation*
  • Peritoneal Dialysis / standards
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / standards
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surgeons / education
  • Surgeons / standards
  • Surgeons / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / statistics & numerical data