Cellular blue nevus ("melanocytoma") of the spinal meninges: electron microscopic and immunohistochemical features

Neurosurgery. 1988 Apr;22(4):773-80. doi: 10.1227/00006123-198804000-00030.


A primary cellular blue nevus (melanocytoma) of the spinal canal in a 21-year-old woman is reported. Light microscopic examination revealed a melanotic neoplasm with histological patterns resembling schwannoma, dermal nevi, and neuroblastic-like tumor. The ultrastructural features of the neoplastic cells were similar to those in dermal blue nevi and melanomas. There was no evidence of arachnoidal cell differentiation. Immunohistochemistry revealed positive reactions for S-100 protein and neuron-specific enolase in many cells and no reactions for glial fibrillary acidic protein, cytokeratins, epithelial membrane antigen, 70-kD neurofilament protein, or Leu-7. Vimentin was strongly positive in the melanocytic cells as well as in the arachnoidal cells of involved meninges. The ultrastructural and immunohistochemical features support the nevoid nature of this tumor, which is frequently mislabeled as "melanotic meningioma."

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / analysis
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Nevus, Pigmented / analysis
  • Nevus, Pigmented / pathology*
  • Nevus, Pigmented / ultrastructure
  • Spinal Cord Neoplasms / analysis
  • Spinal Cord Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Spinal Cord Neoplasms / ultrastructure