Olfactory identification deficits in patients with focal cerebral excision

Neuropsychologia. 1988;26(3):387-400. doi: 10.1016/0028-3932(88)90093-0.


The ability to identify common odors using the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test was investigated in 120 patients with a focal surgical brain lesion and 20 normal control subjects. Results showed significant impairment after right or left temporal lobectomy, right or left frontal lobectomy, and right frontotemporal excision. Patients whose excision was confined to the left central, parietal or posterior area showed no significant deficit. The impairment after frontal lobectomy was demonstrated only in patients whose frontal-lobe removal invaded the orbital cortex; that group also showed a significantly greater impairment than did the temporal lobectomy group. All patient groups showed normal detection thresholds for n-butyl alcohol.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Mapping
  • Dominance, Cerebral / physiology
  • Epilepsy / surgery*
  • Female
  • Frontal Lobe / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Olfaction Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology*
  • Sensory Thresholds
  • Smell / physiology
  • Temporal Lobe / surgery*