The clinicopathologic data of 237 Chinese patients with IgA nephropathy from Hong Kong are reviewed in an attempt to identify the features pertinent to Chinese patients. Although the nephropathy is commonest in the 26-35 year age group, 11% of the IgA nephritic patients were children below 16 years. The male predilection reported in Caucasian populations is not observed and the male:female ratio is 0.94 in our series. The commonest renal manifestation is microscopic hematuria (25%) and 19% of the patients present with macroscopic hematuria, not infrequently synpharyngitic. Nephrotic syndrome occurs in 15% of our patients and proteinuria more than 1 gm/day is documented in 58% of these IgA nephritic patients. The degree of proteinuria does not correlate with prognosis. A small proportion of these nephrotic patients respond to steroid therapy, suggesting a variant of IgA nephropathy that resembles lipoid nephrosis in its steroid-responsiveness. Seventeen percent of the patients (18/104) are hepatitis B virus carriers and 61% of these patients demonstrate viral antigens in their renal biopsies, indicating that hepatitis B virus infection may sometimes play a pathogenetic role.