Meeting the challenge: Health information technology's essential role in achieving precision medicine

J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2021 Jun 12;28(6):1345-1352. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocab032.


Precision medicine can revolutionize health care by tailoring treatments to individual patient needs. Advancing precision medicine requires evidence development through research that combines needed data, including clinical data, at an unprecedented scale. Widespread adoption of health information technology (IT) has made digital clinical data broadly available. These data and information systems must evolve to support precision medicine research and delivery. Specifically, relevant health IT data, infrastructure, clinical integration, and policy needs must be addressed. This article outlines those needs and describes work the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology is leading to improve health IT through pilot projects and standards and policy development. The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology will build on these efforts and continue to coordinate with other key stakeholders to achieve the vision of precision medicine. Advancement of precision medicine will require ongoing, collaborative health IT policy and technical initiatives that advance discovery and transform healthcare delivery.

Keywords: data; health information technology; policy; precision medicine; standards.

MeSH terms

  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Humans
  • Medical Informatics*
  • Precision Medicine*