Clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis comparison of the uterine high grade endometrial carcinomas

Ginekol Pol. 2021;92(4):278-283. doi: 10.5603/GP.2020.0184. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Abstract

Objectives: Grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinomas (G3 EAC), type two endometrial carcinomas (Type 2 EC), and also uterine carcinosarcomas (UCS) are considered as high-grade endometrial adenocarcinomas. The aim of this study was to compare the clinicopathologic features and survival of patients with UCS, G3 EAC, Type2 EC.

Material and methods: We included two hundred and thirty-five patients in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to the type of tumor as uterine G3 EAC (group 1, n = 62), Type 2 EC (serous, clear and mixed types; group 2, n = 93), and UCS (group 3, n = 80). We compared the groups according to age, initial symptom, surgical approach, stage, myometrial invasion (MI), lymph node invasion (LNI), lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI), adjuvant therapy, and survival. When comparing the survival outcomes the Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed.

Results: The groups were similar according to age, menopausal status, nulliparity, initial symptoms, stage, LVSI, and LNI. Positive cytology was determined significantly more in group 3. There was a significant difference between the groups in terms of myometrial invasion degree. Optimal cytoreduction was similar among the groups. The primary adjuvant treatment was chemotherapy for UCS and Type2 EAC whereas radiotherapy was the main adjuvant treatment for G3 EAC. There were no significant differences among the groups according to overall survival (OS) (p = 0.290).

Conclusions: Although the survival difference among the groups can not be revealed, these patients have different clinical and pathological features and they should be considered as different groups.

Keywords: endometrial cancer; high-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma; overall survival; type 2 endometrial cancer; uterine carcinosarcoma.