Reverse shoulder arthroplasty has increased in popularity and has provided improved but somewhat variable results. These variable outcomes may be related to many factors, including implant design, component positioning, specific indication, and patient anatomy. The original Grammont design provided a solution to the high failure rate at the time but was found to have a high rate of scapular notching and poor restoration of rotation. Modern lateralized designs are more consistent in reducing scapular notching while improving range of motion, especially in regards to external rotation. This review article summarizes the effects of modern reverse shoulder prostheses on outcomes.
Keywords: Glenoid version; Grammont; Lateralization; Neck-shaft angle; Onlay versus inlay; Reverse design; Reverse shoulder arthroplasty.
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