Safety biomarkers are important drug development tools, both preclinically and clinically. It is a straightforward process to correlate the performance of nonclinical safety biomarkers with histopathology, and ideally, the biomarker is useful in all species commonly used in safety assessment. In clinical validation studies, where histopathology is not feasible, safety biomarkers are compared to the response of standard biomarkers and/or to clinical adjudication. Worldwide, regulatory agencies have put in place processes to qualify biomarkers to provide confidence in the manner of use and interpretation of biomarker data in drug development studies. This paper describes currently qualified safety biomarkers which can be utilized to monitor for nephrotoxicity and cardiotoxicity and ongoing projects to qualify safety biomarkers for liver, skeletal muscle, and vascular injury. In many cases, the development and use of these critical drug development tools is dependent upon partnerships and the precompetitive sharing of data to support qualification efforts.
Keywords: Biomarker qualification; drug development tools; drug-induced tissue injury; novel methodologies; safety biomarkers; translational biomarkers.