The impact of a community-based food education programme on dietary pattern in patients with type 2 diabetes: Results of a pilot randomised controlled trial in Portugal

Health Soc Care Community. 2021 Mar 24. doi: 10.1111/hsc.13356. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyse the effects of a food education programme, with easy-to-implement strategies integrated in a community-based exercise programme, on dietary pattern of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Thirty-three patients (65.4 ± 5.9 years old) were engaged in a 9-month randomised controlled trial: a supervised exercise programme (control group [CON]; n = 15; combined exercise; three sessions per week; 75 min per session) or the same exercise programme plus a concomitant 16-week food education programme (experimental group [EXP]; n = 18:15-min group classes and dual-task strategies during exercise). Dietary pattern was assessed using a 3-day food record at baseline and at 9 months. The intake of total fat, polyunsaturated fat, and the daily servings of vegetables significantly increased in EXP compared with the CON group. Retention and adherence to the programme were 54% and 49.5 ± 27.2%, respectively. This food education programme improved dietary pattern of patients with T2D. Special attention should be given to strategies that support participants' attendance.

Keywords: community-based; dietary pattern; dual-task activities; easy-to-implement strategies; food education programme; middle-aged and older patients; type 2 diabetes.