Macro- and microtranscriptomic evidence of the monocyte recruitment to regenerating liver after partial hepatectomy in mouse model

Biomed Pharmacother. 2021 Jun;138:111516. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2021.111516. Epub 2021 Mar 23.


Macrophages are important regulators of liver repair. Participation of migratory monocytes/macrophages in regeneration of hepatic tissues after resection remains disputable. In mouse the resection promotes migration of Ly6C+CD11b+ monocytes/macrophages to the remnant liver accompanied by a reduction in its CD206 + macrophage content. Macrophage proliferation within the liver reaches maximum on day 3 after the surgery. Corresponding macro- and microtranscriptomic profiles of macrophages in regeneration liver cannot be unambiguously defined as pro- or anti-inflammatory. Their typical features include elevated expression of leukocyte chemoattractant factors, and many of the differentially expressed sequences are related to the control of cell growth and metabolic processes in the liver. These findings revealed essential roles of immigration of monocytes/macrophages and macrophages proliferation in maintenance of macrophage populations in the mouse liver during its recovery from a massive resection.

Keywords: Liver; Macrophage; MicroRNA; Monocyte; NanoString; Regeneration.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Hepatectomy / methods*
  • Ki-67 Antigen / biosynthesis
  • Ki-67 Antigen / genetics
  • Ki-67 Antigen / immunology
  • Liver / immunology
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver / surgery
  • Liver Regeneration / physiology*
  • Macrophages / immunology
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Monocytes / immunology
  • Monocytes / metabolism*
  • Transcriptome / physiology*


  • Ki-67 Antigen