Relationships between psoriatic arthritis composite measures of disease activity with patient-reported outcomes in phase 3 studies of tofacitinib

Arthritis Res Ther. 2021 Mar 26;23(1):94. doi: 10.1186/s13075-021-02474-2.


Background: In psoriatic arthritis (PsA), further understanding of the relationships between clinical measures and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is needed. This post hoc analysis evaluated associations between minimal disease activity (MDA) as a continuous outcome (termed ScoreMDA) or Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) with selected PROs not included in the composite measures.

Methods: Data from two phase 3 studies of tofacitinib in PsA (OPAL Broaden [NCT01877668; N = 422]; OPAL Beyond [NCT01882439; N = 394]) were included. MDA (binary outcome) was defined as meeting ≥5/7 criteria. For ScoreMDA, each criterion was assigned a value (1 = true; 0 = false; score range, 0-7; scores ≥5 indicated MDA). For PASDAS (score range, 0-10), higher scores indicated worse disease activity. PROs analyzed included Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F), Patient's Assessment of Arthritis Pain visual analog scale (Pain VAS), and EuroQoL-Five Dimensions-Three Level Health Questionnaire visual analog scale (EQ-5D-3L VAS) and utility index. Relationships were evaluated using repeated measures regression models.

Results: Similar, approximately linear relationships were confirmed between PASDAS or ScoreMDA and PROs in both studies. In OPAL Broaden and OPAL Beyond, a one-point difference in PASDAS was associated with clinically relevant differences in PROs, including EQ-5D-3L VAS (- 6.7 mm, - 6.9 mm), Pain VAS (9.9 mm, 10.7 mm), and FACIT-F (- 2.8, - 3.3). A one-point difference in ScoreMDA was associated with clinically relevant differences in PROs, including EQ-5D-3L VAS (5.0 mm, 5.5 mm) and FACIT-F (1.9, 2.7) in OPAL Broaden and OPAL Beyond, respectively.

Conclusions: Linear associations between PASDAS or ScoreMDA and PROs provide interpretable and quantifiable metrics between composite clinical measures and PROs, highlighting the importance of these measures in understanding the relevance of treat-to-target goals in PsA.

Trial registration:, NCT01877668 . Registered on June 12, 2013., NCT01882439 . Registered on June 18, 2013.

Keywords: Minimal disease activity; Patient-reported outcomes; Psoriatic arthritis.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antirheumatic Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Arthritis, Psoriatic* / diagnosis
  • Arthritis, Psoriatic* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  • Piperidines
  • Pyrimidines
  • Quality of Life
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antirheumatic Agents
  • Piperidines
  • Pyrimidines
  • tofacitinib

Associated data