Artificial Convolutional Neural Network in Object Detection and Semantic Segmentation for Medical Imaging Analysis

Front Oncol. 2021 Mar 9:11:638182. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.638182. eCollection 2021.


In the era of digital medicine, a vast number of medical images are produced every day. There is a great demand for intelligent equipment for adjuvant diagnosis to assist medical doctors with different disciplines. With the development of artificial intelligence, the algorithms of convolutional neural network (CNN) progressed rapidly. CNN and its extension algorithms play important roles on medical imaging classification, object detection, and semantic segmentation. While medical imaging classification has been widely reported, the object detection and semantic segmentation of imaging are rarely described. In this review article, we introduce the progression of object detection and semantic segmentation in medical imaging study. We also discuss how to accurately define the location and boundary of diseases.

Keywords: analysis; convolutional neural network; medical images; object detection; semantic segmentation.

Publication types

  • Review