Detection of postlaser vision correction ectasia with a new combined biomechanical index

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2021 Oct 1;47(10):1314-1318. doi: 10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000629.


Purpose: To validate and evaluate the use of a new biomechanical index known as the Corvis biomechanical index-laser vision correction (CBI-LVC) as a method for separating stable post-LVC eyes from post-LVC eyes with ectasia.

Setting: 10 clinics from 9 countries.

Design: Retrospective, multicenter, clinical study.

Methods: The study was designed with 2 purposes: to develop the CBI-LVC, which combines dynamic corneal response (DCR) parameters provided by a high-speed dynamic Scheimpflug camera (CorVis ST; OCULUS Optikgeräte GmbH) and then to evaluate its ability to detect post-LVC ectasia. The CBI-LVC includes integrated inverse radius, applanation 1 (A1) velocity, A1 deflection amplitude, highest concavity and arclength, deformation amplitude ratio of 2 mm, and A1 arclength in millimeters. Logistic regression with Wald forward stepwise approach was used to identify the optimal combination of DCRs to create the CBI-LVC and then separate stable from LVC-induced ectasia. Eighty percentage of the database was used for training the software and 20% for validation.

Results: 736 eyes of 736 patients were included (685 stable LVC and 51 post-LVC ectasia). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed an area under the curve of 0.991 when applying CBI-LVC in the validation dataset and 0.998 in the training dataset. A cutoff of 0.2 was able to separate stable LVC from ectasia with a sensitivity of 93.3% and a specificity of 97.8%.

Conclusions: The CBI-LVC was highly sensitive and specific in distinguishing stable from ectatic post-LVC eyes. Using CBI-LVC in routine practice, along with topography and tomography, can aid the early diagnosis of post-LVC ectasia and allow intervention prior to visually compromising progression.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cornea
  • Corneal Topography
  • Dilatation, Pathologic
  • Elasticity
  • Humans
  • Keratoconus*
  • Retrospective Studies