Modeling of Survival and Frequency of Cardiovascular-Related Hospitalization in Patients with Transthyretin Amyloid Cardiomyopathy Treated with Tafamidis

Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2021 Sep;21(5):535-543. doi: 10.1007/s40256-021-00464-y. Epub 2021 Mar 26.


Introduction: ATTR-ACT (Tafamidis in Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial) demonstrated the efficacy and safety of tafamidis in transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM). Model-based analyses from ATTR-ACT can examine predictor effects on dose-response/exposure-response relationships.

Methods: Parametric hazard distributions were developed for all-cause mortality and frequency of cardiovascular-related hospitalization. Time-to-event models were fitted to survival data, and repeated time-to-event models were fitted to hospitalization data. Disease-specific characteristics were assessed as baseline predictors of event hazards.

Results: There were 441 patients in this analysis. At month 30, 70.5% (tafamidis) and 57.1% (placebo) of patients were alive, with 154/441 deaths reported; 495 cardiovascular-related hospitalizations occurred. The cumulative risk of death was 42.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 24.2-58.0) lower with tafamidis than with placebo, regardless of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class; significant predictors of decreased risk were genotype (wild-type), greater 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) distance, higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and lower blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations. The average cumulative risk of cardiovascular-related hospitalization up to 30 months was 40.8% (95% CI 31.0-49.7) lower with tafamidis in NYHA class I/II patients. Significant predictors of reduced risk were greater 6MWT distance, higher LVEF, and lower BUN and troponin I concentrations.

Conclusions: Tafamidis reduced cumulative mortality and hospitalization risk versus placebo in patients with ATTR-CM. Baseline predictors of outcome were consistent with the cardiovascular nature of the disease and suggested that earlier treatment may improve outcomes. CLINICAL TRIALS.

Gov identifier: NCT01994889 (date of registration: November 26, 2013).

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