Introduction: The Global Anticoagulant Registry in the FIELD-Atrial Fibrillation (GARFIELD-AF) aims to determine real-life treatment patterns and clinical outcomes of patients with newly diagnosed non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and at least one investigator-determined risk factor for stroke. The registry includes a wide array of baseline characteristics and has a particular focus on: (1) bleeding and thromboembolic events; (2) international normalized ratio fluctuations; and (3) therapy compliance and persistence patterns.
Methods: Evolution in baseline treatment for patients enrolled in sequential cohorts showed an increase in prescribing of novel oral anticoagulants over time. Variability in novel oral anticoagulant prescription is primarily due to differences in availability of treatment and prescribing habits between countries and care settings. The GARFIELD-AF registry also provides insights into clinical management and related outcomes of AF in Middle East populations.
Results: A total of 1660 patients with non-valvular AF (median age 64.0 years, interquartile range 56.0-72.0), mostly diagnosed in cardiology settings from Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Turkey, were recruited in cohorts 3-5. Data from patient populations in the Middle East related to the rates of stroke/systemic embolism, major bleeding and all-cause mortality 1 year after diagnosis of AF and treatment strategies, based on the stroke and bleeding risk, have been analysed and compared with the rest of the world. The use of antithrombotic treatment in the Middle East was generally higher than the non-Middle East, with increased prescription of antiplatelet therapy (AP) therapy. Appropriate use of Factor Xa inhibitors/direct thrombin inhibitors (DTIs) were 74.4% and Factor Xa/DTI + APs were 70.4% in the overall population, whereas they were 57.1% and 63.6%, respectively, in the Middle East.
Conclusion: We have found that rates of stroke and bleeding were lower, although mortality was higher, in the Middle East population. This paper describes the baseline characteristics, patterns of antithrombotic treatment and 1-year outcomes in Middle East AF patients.
Trial registration: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Identifier, NCT01090362.
Keywords: Antithrombotic treatment; Atrial fibrillation; Oral anticoagulants; Stroke.