Trueness and precision of artificial teeth in CAD-CAM milled complete dentures with custom disks

J Prosthet Dent. 2021 Mar 24;S0022-3913(21)00060-3. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2020.12.049. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Statement of problem: Insufficient information is available regarding the trueness and precision of artificial teeth in computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milled complete dentures fabricated from custom disks, including prefabricated teeth.

Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the trueness and precision of the position of the artificial teeth arranged in CAD-CAM milled complete dentures manufactured by using a custom disk method and to compare the trueness and precision of different tooth types and the occlusal surface and entire surface of the teeth.

Material and methods: The milling data were designed by using a CAD software program. Four types of artificial teeth (maxillary-left central incisor, mandibular-left central incisor, maxillary-left first premolar, and maxillary-left first molar) were arranged concentrically in the disk with 3 corresponding teeth per disk. Five custom disks were milled based on the milling data. The sample size for maxillary-left central incisor, mandibular-left central incisor, maxillary-left first premolar, and maxillary-left first molar was 15. The standard tessellation language data were obtained by scanning the milled disks with cone beam computed tomography. The obtained data were superimposed by using a CAD software program to assess the trueness and precision of the tooth positions. For the occlusal surface, the data were superimposed after trimming to assess the trueness and precision of the tooth position with respect to the entire tooth surface. After data superimposition, the deviation was analyzed by using a 3-dimensional analysis software program to obtain the mean absolute error values and color maps. The data were analyzed by using 2-way ANOVA and the Games-Howell post hoc test (α=.05).

Results: Significant differences were found in the mean absolute error values of the position trueness of the entire surface between the different teeth, except for maxillary-left first premolar and maxillary-left first molar (P<.05). Moreover, significant differences in the mean absolute error values of the precision for the entire surface were observed between mandibular-left central incisor and maxillary-left first premolar, as well as between mandibular-left central incisor and maxillary-left first molar (P<.05). The mean absolute error values of the position trueness of the occlusal surface were significantly smaller than those for the entire tooth surface for mandibular-left central incisor, maxillary-left first premolar, and maxillary-left first molar (P<.05). Finally, the mean absolute error values of the position precision of the occlusal surface were significantly smaller than those for the entire tooth surface for mandibular-left central incisor and maxillary-left first premolar (P<.05).

Conclusions: The trueness and precision of the posterior teeth were higher than that of anterior teeth. The trueness of the movement of the artificial teeth during the manufacturing of dentures by using the custom disk method was found to be within a clinically acceptable range.