Introduction: HLA-B*27 is strongly associated with Ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Its subtypes show considerable geographic and ethnic difference. The main aim of this study was to assess the frequency of subtypes of HLA-B*27 in the Indian Tamil AS patients.
Methods and materials: Adult AS patients positive for HLA-B*27 were considered for the study. The high-resolution typing to define HLA-B*27 subtypes were done using Invitrogen B kits from One Lambda (SeCore® Sequencing Kits, Thermo Fisher, United States).
Results and conclusion: Prevalence of subtypes identified were HLA-B*27:04 (52.2%), HLA-B*27:05 (41.6%), HLA-B*27:07 (3.5%) and HLA-B*27:02 (2.7%). All subtypes showed disease predisposition for males. The most common extra articular manifestation seen was enthesitis in HLA-B*27:04 and HLA-B*27:05. Uveitis was mainly associated with HLA-B*27:05 and dactylitis with HLA-B*27:04. A significant peripheral joints involvement for female and axial joint involvement for males was seen in HLA-B*27:04. Our study establishes the prevalence of HLA-B*27 subtypes and the associated clinical phenotypes among the Indian Tamil population. Considering the variability of presentation, organ involvement, and disease course in different subtypes and across ethnicities it is critical to define these associations in the ethnic populations we treat for their appropriate care considering the significant negative health and socioeconomic effects of AS.
Keywords: Ankylosing Spondylitis; HLA-B*27; HLA-B*27 subtypes; Tamil Indians.
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