The relationship between nutrition and Ménière's disease

Auris Nasus Larynx. 2021 Oct;48(5):803-808. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2021.03.006. Epub 2021 Mar 26.


Ménière's disease is an inner ear disease with attacks characterized by ear fullness, tinnitus, fluctuant sensorineural hearing loss and vertigo. Although pathophysiology of the disease is not fully known, endolymphatic hydrops are believed to play a role. Although there is no certain treatment procedure for Ménière's disease, some treatments are applied to prevent attacks, to treat the symptoms that occur during the attacks, and to prevent the permanent effects of the symptoms on the hearing and balance system. Lifestyle changes, dietary modifications, diuretics, vasodilator corticosteroids, intratympanic steroids, surgical methods are some of these treatment methods. Dietary modification includes a low sodium diet, a reduction in daily alcohol and caffeine intake, a gluten-free diet, and a new dietary approach to specially processed grains, all of which are first-line treatments. The goal of this review article is to examine the relationship between MD and dietary intervention, which is frequently used in the prevention and treatment of MD attacks.

Keywords: Allergy; Endolymphatic hydrops; Gluten free diet; Low sodium intake; Ménière's disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Caffeine
  • Diet, Gluten-Free*
  • Diet, Sodium-Restricted*
  • Drinking
  • Edible Grain
  • Endolymphatic Hydrops / diet therapy
  • Humans
  • Meniere Disease / diet therapy*
  • Neuropeptides


  • Neuropeptides
  • antisecretory factor
  • Caffeine