Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma in the Maxilla: A Case Report and Literature Review

J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2021 Aug;79(8):1706-1711. doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2021.02.020. Epub 2021 Feb 27.


Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a rare high-grade variant of chondrosarcoma distinguished by its aggressive nature. Molecular studies aid in establishing the diagnosis. We present a case report of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma in the maxilla of a 39-year-old male patient and a literature review of 42 gnathic cases of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma with a discussion of clinical, imaging, microscopic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aggression
  • Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal* / diagnostic imaging
  • Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal* / surgery
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Maxilla / diagnostic imaging
  • Maxilla / surgery