Natural history of TRPV4-Related disorders: From skeletal dysplasia to neuromuscular phenotype

Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2021 May:32:46-55. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2021.03.011. Epub 2021 Mar 16.


TRPV4-related disorders constitute a broad spectrum of clinical phenotypes including several genetic skeletal and neuromuscular disorders, in which clinical variability and somewhat overlapping features are present. These disorders have previously been considered to be clinically distinct phenotypes before their molecular basis was discovered. However, with the identification of TRPV4 variants in the etiology, they are referred as TRPV4-related disorders (TRPV4-pathies), and are now mainly grouped into skeletal dysplasias and neuromuscular disorders. The skeletal dysplasia group includes metatropic dysplasia, parastremmatic dysplasia, spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia Maroteaux type, spondylometaphyseal dysplasia Kozlowski type, autosomal dominant brachyolmia, and familial digital arthropathy-brachydactyly, whereas the neuromuscular group includes congenital distal spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), scapuloperoneal SMA and Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2C with common manifestations of peripheral neuropathy, joint contractures, and respiratory system involvement. Apart from familial digital arthropathy-brachydactyly, skeletal dysplasia associated with TRPV4 pathogenic variants share some clinical features such as short stature with short trunk, spinal and pelvic changes with varying degrees of long bone involvement. Of note, there is considerable phenotypic overlap within and between both groups. Herein, we report on the clinical and molecular spectrum of 11 patients from six different families diagnosed with TRPV4-related disorders. This study yet represents the largest cohort of patients with TRPV4 variants from a single center in Turkey.

Keywords: Genetic skeletal disorders; Neuromuscular disorder; Peripheral neuropathy; Phenotypic heterogeneity; TRPV4.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bone Diseases, Developmental / genetics*
  • Bone Diseases, Developmental / pathology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / genetics*
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / pathology*
  • Phenotype
  • TRPV Cation Channels / genetics*
  • Turkey
  • Young Adult


  • TRPV Cation Channels
  • TRPV4 protein, human