Effects of Combined Sertraline and Magnesium in Rat Atrium

Biol Trace Elem Res. 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1007/s12011-021-02669-3. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine the synergistic effects of an antioxidant ion Mg+2, combined with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline, in treatment or prevention of major depression and regulation of inotropic effect in the early postoperative period. Adult male 40 Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into 6 groups. Three to 4-mm long atrium strips were placed in organ bath, tension was adjusted to 2 g. Isometric contractions were induced with 10-3 M adrenaline. Group 1 was the control group, cumulative sertraline was given to group 2, cumulative MgSO4 to group 3, combined cumulative sertraline and MgSO4 to group 4, intraperitoneal sertraline injection for 29 days to group 5, and intraperitoneal MgSO4 injection for 14 days to group 6. Changes in weight, tensions, bleeding/clotting time, and biochemical findings were evaluated statistically. Isometric tension relationship between groups 1 and 3 was statistically significant after 4 mmol/L MgSO4 (p < 0.05). A rapid inhibition of contraction was observed in group 4. Inhibition of spontaneous contractions of groups 5 and 6 was found to be statistically significant at close values, p < 0.05. When blood clotting times were compared, a statistically marked decrease was found in group 6, p < 0.05. Compared to control group, there was a significant decrease in blood lipids in group 4. While LDH and CK-MB increased from plasma enzymes in groups 5 and 6, no significant change was observed in NT-proBNP. Combined treatment of high dose MgSO4 with antidepressants for pre or post-operative depression may cause fatal risks. Shortening clotting time may increase the risk of embolism and stroke. In order to reduce the risk of post-operative depression preoperatively, care should be taken when using magnesium combined with antidepressants and more studies are needed to be considered.

Keywords: Contractility; Isolated organ bath; Magnesium sulfate; Rat atrium; Sertraline.