Integration of a Robotic Platform for Sacrocolpopexy in Transvaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery: A Novel Surgical Technique

Urology. 2021 Aug;154:109-114. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2021.03.015. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Abstract

Objective: To demonstrate the feasibility and the simplified surgical techniques of intraabdominal suturing and knot-tying in robotic transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (RV-NOTES) sacrocolpopexy.

Materials and methods: We report on two patients with symptomatic stage II apical pelvic organ prolapse who underwent a new technique of RV-NOTES sacrocolpopexy. Case one: A 69-year-old G2P2002 with a history of two prior vaginal deliveries presented with a vaginal bulge and pressure symptoms. She was initially fitted for a pessary but was unsatisfied and elected to proceed with surgical intervention. Case two: A 50-year-old G2P0011 female with a history of one prior vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery presented with symptoms of vaginal mass and bleeding due to an endometrial polyp. She was noted to have stage 2 apical prolapse and opted for transvaginal sacrocolpopexy.

Results: Both patients were observed overnight and discharged home twelve hours after surgery on postoperative day 1, after completing a voiding trial. For both patients, the postoperative course was unremarkable, and they only required one day of pain medications. At the three-week follow-up visit, they endorsed no postoperative pain or complications, and the POP-Q stage was noted to be 0. Patients had telemedicine visits at eight weeks postoperatively, at which time they had returned to their regular activities and denied symptoms of vaginal bulge or pressure.

Conclusion: Robotic assisted transvaginal NOTES sacrocolpopexy is a feasible and an alternative to traditional laparoscopic NOTES sacrocolpopexy.

Keywords: Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery; Pelvic Organ prolapse; RV–NOTES; Sacrocolpopexy.