Association between patient-reported barriers and HIV clinic appointment attendance: A prospective cohort study

AIDS Care. 2022 May;34(5):545-553. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2021.1906401. Epub 2021 Mar 28.


The association between patients' confidence in their ability to attend appointments and future retention in care has not previously been studied in a general HIV clinic. A survey of potential and known risk factors for poor retention was developed using validated screening tools and administered to 105 patients at an HIV clinic. Retention in care was assessed prospectively using two definitions: (1) two appointments at least three months apart within one year ("HRSA/HAB retention") and (2) no missed appointments within one year ("missed visits retention"). Most patients were African American (86%) and male (59%). Although most patients were confident they could keep their HIV appointments (89%), fewer were retained (HRSA/HAB: 73%; missed visits: 56%). Patients' confidence in their ability to keep future appointments was not associated with retention. Employment was associated with lower odds of HRSA/HAB retention (aOR 0.26 [95% CI 0.09-0.77]), and childcare was a common barrier that was associated with lower odds of missed visits retention (aOR 0.06 [95% CI 0.006-0.62]). Other known risk factors for poor retention were inconsistently associated with retention in care.

Keywords: Retention in care; models; physician-patient relations; statistical.

MeSH terms

  • Ambulatory Care Facilities
  • Appointments and Schedules
  • HIV Infections*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  • Prospective Studies