Fractional modeling of flexural behavior of toenail plates: First step for clinical purposes

Med Eng Phys. 2021 Apr;90:23-32. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2021.01.006. Epub 2021 Feb 10.


This work presents an identification procedure of flexural behavior of toenail plates in twenty subjects with no history of feet or nail injury as of in-vivo measurements. In particular, four different mechanical models are considered to describe such properties, ranging from the pure elastic to viscoelastic behavior, the latter from the classical and fractional points of view. The quality of the adjustment of each model is examined by a group of performance indices. Experimental data show that the best identification is achieved by the fractional order viscoelastic model for all subjects. These novel results in modeling flexural behavior of toenails are consistent with the published literature suggesting that viscoelastic materials may be successfully modeled with derivatives of fractional order. This could contribute, together with additional variables, to help health professionals, and more especially podiatrists, to have reliable and quantitative measures of the nail flexural behavior which can be susceptible of treatment or for prevention.

Keywords: Behavior; Clinical; Flexural; Fractional; Model; Toenail.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Nails*