A systematic review for the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 in patients with chronic kidney disease

Int Urol Nephrol. 2022 Jan;54(1):173-184. doi: 10.1007/s11255-021-02838-2. Epub 2021 Mar 29.


Background: The effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients remain controversial.

Objective: A systematic review of current evidence was performed to systematically and comprehensively summarize the effects of CoQ10 on cardiovascular outcomes, oxidative stress, inflammation, lipid profiles, and glucose metabolism.

Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library database (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched to identify eligible studies investigating the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on patients with CKD.

Results: Twelve independent studies (including seventeen publications) were included in this systematic review. For CKD patients, six studies reported variable cardiovascular outcomes, which yielded inconsistent results. Regarding oxidative stress and inflammation, pooled analysis showed that CoQ10 supplementation significantly reduced malonaldehyde (WMD: - 1.15 95% CI - 1.48 to - 0.81) and high-sensitivity C reactive protein levels (WMD: - 1.18 95% CI - 2.21 to - 0.15). Regarding glucose metabolism, we found that CoQ10 supplementation resulted in significant improvements in HbA1c (WMD: - 0.80; 95% CI: - 1.35 to - 0.24) and QUICKI (WMD: 0.02; 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.03). The pooled results indicated that CoQ10 supplementation had no effects on total cholesterol, or LDL-cholesterol, or on HDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides.

Conclusions: Our systematic review demonstrated that CoQ10 supplementation might have promising effects on oxidative stress. This work provided some clues that CoQ10 supplementation might have the potential to improve inflammation levels, glucose metabolism, cardiac structure, and cardiac biomarkers. However, the effects of CoQ10 supplementation should be confirmed in larger high-quality studies.

Keywords: Cardiovascular effects; Chronic kidney disease; Coenzyme Q10; Glucose metabolism; Inflammation; Oxidative stress.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / drug therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ubiquinone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Ubiquinone / therapeutic use
  • Vitamins / therapeutic use*


  • Vitamins
  • Ubiquinone
  • coenzyme Q10