Recently, the contribution of both insufficient sleep duration and gut microbiome dysbiosis to hypertension (HTN) have been revealed, yet the profile of gut flora in hypertensive patients with insufficient sleep duration remains unknown. To examine this condition, the specific shifts in the fecal microbiome of 53 participants with or without HTN were investigated. The patients were divided into those who slept short (≤6 h) or optimal (6-9 h) duration per day. Comprehensive metagenomic sequencing analysis of fecal specimens was performed in healthy controls with sufficient sleep (s-CTR, n = 10), healthy controls with insufficient sleep (ins-CTR, n = 6), hypertensive patients with sufficient sleep (s-HTN, n = 25), and HTNs complicated by short sleep duration (ins-HTN, n = 12). We found that the α-diversity and β-diversity were quite similar between s-HTN and ins-HTN. Similarities were also observed in the enterotype distribution between s-HTN and ins-HTN subjects. In addition, the enrichment of gut bacteria was evident, such as Fusobacterium mortiferum and Roseburia inulinivorans in ins-HTN subjects. Several functional modules that were distinct between s-HTN and ins-HTN subjects were identified, which were unique to hypertensive patients with insufficient sleep duration. Overall, the data demonstrated that the gut microbial features were largely maintained in hypertensive participants with insufficient sleep duration.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.