Gene Expression Changes in the Skin of Patients Undergoing Medial Thigh Liposuction With Pre-Surgical and Post-Surgical Application of Topical Products

Aesthet Surg J Open Forum. 2020 Jul 3;2(3):ojaa033. doi: 10.1093/asjof/ojaa033. eCollection 2020 Sep.

Abstract

Background: Skin topical preconditioning before and after surgical procedures is a relatively new concept, particularly in relation to the efficient removal of tissue breakdown products. Clinical trials demonstrate improvements, such as less induration, when surgery is combined with topical product preconditioning and with usage post-surgery.

Objectives: This trial aimed to assess the efficacy of such a regimen at the molecular level through gene expression studies in combination with clinical assessments.

Methods: Six women who underwent medial thigh liposuction administered either a bland moisturizer or the experimental topical products to each side of the surgical area twice daily. Biopsies were taken before any topical application, at 2 and 4 weeks after liposuction. An inflammation-related gene expression analysis was conducted to compare the different conditions. In addition, the degree of induration was assessed in a blinded manner.

Results: Compared with the bland moisturizer, the experimental group demonstrated a hastened immune inflammatory response moving more rapidly to an anti-inflammatory reversal at 2 weeks followed by a wound healing extracellular remodeling effect at 4 weeks. This matched the clinical picture depicting less induration with the treatment.

Conclusions: For patients undergoing body procedures, a topical treatment with the Alastin induces an accelerated healing response, inducing the clearance of "waste" products and the induction of anti-inflammatory genes. Furthermore, this topical treatment stimulates extracellular matrix remodeling, which ultimately leads to less induration.