Pulmonary rehabilitation for cystic fibrosis: A narrative review of current literature

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2021 Mar 11;91(2). doi: 10.4081/monaldi.2021.1501.


Pulmonary rehabilitation is a key component in cystic fibrosis care. This review summarizes the recent evidence in the area of pulmonary rehabilitation for cystic fibrosis in the form of questions and answers regarding interventions, indications, benefits and risks of pulmonary rehabilitation. Pulmonary rehabilitation includes airway clearance techniques, exercise training, education and behaviour change and can improve patients' exercise capacity, muscle strength, quality of life and nutritional status. Airway clearance techniques have beneficial effects for clearing mucous. Over the past years, evidence for the beneficial effects of exercise training on exercise capacity and overall lung health is growing. In cystic fibrosis, multiple factors result in reduced exercise capacity. All modalities of pulmonary rehabilitation should be offered to patients with cystic fibrosis, as the benefits in most cases outweigh the risks, though the optimal regimens need to be yet defined.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cystic Fibrosis*
  • Humans
  • Lung
  • Quality of Life