Rat Sciatic Nerve Axoplasm Proteome Is Enriched with Ribosomal Proteins during Regeneration Processes

J Proteome Res. 2021 May 7;20(5):2506-2520. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.0c00980. Epub 2021 Apr 1.


Axons are complex subcellular compartments that are extremely long in relation to cell bodies, especially in peripheral nerves. Many processes are required and regulated during axon injury, including anterograde and retrograde transport, glia-to-axon macromolecular transfer, and local axonal protein synthesis. Many in vitro omics approaches have been used to gain insight into these processes, but few have been applied in vivo. Here we adapted the osmotic ex vivo axoplasm isolation method and analyzed the adult rat sciatic-nerve-extruded axoplasm by label-free quantitative proteomics before and after injury. 2087 proteins groups were detected in the axoplasm, revealing translation machinery and microtubule-associated proteins as the most overrepresented biological processes. Ribosomal proteins (73) were detected in the uninjured axoplasm and increased their levels after injury but not within whole sciatic nerves. Meta-analysis showed that detected ribosomal proteins were present in in vitro axonal proteomes. Because local protein synthesis is important for protein localization, we were interested in detecting the most abundant newly synthesized axonal proteins in vivo. With an MS/MS-BONCAT approach, we detected 42 newly synthesized protein groups. Overall, our work indicates that proteomics profiling is useful for local axonal interrogation and suggests that ribosomal proteins may play an important role, especially during injury.

Keywords: axon; local protein synthesis; proteomics; ribosomal proteins; sciatic nerve regeneration.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Axons
  • Proteome* / genetics
  • Rats
  • Ribosomal Proteins* / genetics
  • Sciatic Nerve
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry


  • Proteome
  • Ribosomal Proteins