Surgical and multimodality treatment of cardiac sarcomas: A systematic review and meta-analysis

J Card Surg. 2021 Jul;36(7):2476-2485. doi: 10.1111/jocs.15538. Epub 2021 Apr 2.


Introduction: Primary cardiac sarcomas (PCSs) are an extremely rare and aggressive type of malignancies that have been described only by a limited number of observational studies. This study aimed to evaluate the currently existing evidence comparing surgical to multimodality treatment of PCS.

Methods: We systematically reviewed Embase, MEDLINE, Cochrane Database, and Google Scholar, from inception to December 2020, for original articles about surgical and multimodality treatment of PCS. The outcomes included were mortality at various time points, resection margin status, and mean estimated survival. The pooled treatment effects were calculated using a random-effects model.

Results: Ten studies including a total of 1570 patients met our inclusion criteria. Surgery was associated with significantly lower mortality when compared to conservative treatment at 1, 2, and 3 years, whereas no significant difference was found at 5 years. Furthermore, multimodality treatment showed significantly lower mortality at 1 year when compared to surgery alone, but not at 2 and 5 years. We found no difference in mortality between angiosarcomas and other PCS subtypes.

Conclusion: Overall, surgery was found to provide a significant mortality advantage to PCS patients up to 3 years following treatment. Multimodality treatment might be of additional benefit, although only within the first year. Prospective randomized studies are needed to further explore these differences in the treatment of PCS.

Keywords: cardiac malignancy; cardiac sarcoma; cardiac tumor.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Heart Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sarcoma* / surgery