Glioblastoma, the most frequent and aggressive primary malignant tumor, often presents with alterations in the telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter. Telomerase is responsible for the maintenance of telomere length to avoid cell death. Telomere lengthening is required for cancer cell survival and has led to the investigation of telomerase activity as a potential mechanism that enables cancer growth. The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the available data concerning TERT alterations and glioblastoma in terms of incidence, physiopathological understanding, and potential therapeutic implications.
Keywords: TERT; glioblastoma; telomerase inhibition.