Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Health in Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Mar 3;18(5):2470. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18052470.


Due to lack of sufficient data on the psychological toll of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent mental health, this systematic analysis aims to evaluate the impact of the pandemic on adolescent mental health. This study follows the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews of 16 quantitative studies conducted in 2019-2021 with 40,076 participants. Globally, adolescents of varying backgrounds experience higher rates of anxiety, depression, and stress due to the pandemic. Secondly, adolescents also have a higher frequency of using alcohol and cannabis during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, social support, positive coping skills, home quarantining, and parent-child discussions seem to positively impact adolescent mental health during this period of crisis. Whether in the United States or abroad, the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted adolescent mental health. Therefore, it is important to seek and to use all of the available resources and therapies to help adolescents mediate the adjustments caused by the pandemic.

Keywords: 2019-ncov; COVID 19; adolescent; anxiety; coronavirus; cov-19; depression; mental disorder; mental health; mental illness; psychiatric illness; sars-cov-2; teenagers.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety
  • COVID-19*
  • Child
  • Depression
  • Humans
  • Mental Health
  • Pandemics*
  • Quarantine
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • United States