Endovascular Interventional Radiology of the Urogenital Tract

Medicina (Kaunas). 2021 Mar 17;57(3):278. doi: 10.3390/medicina57030278.


Interventional radiology of the male urogenital system includes percutaneous and endovascular procedures, and these last consist mostly of transcatheter arterial embolizations. At the kidney level, arterial embolizations are performed mainly for palliative treatment of parenchymal tumors, for renal traumas and, less frequently, for arteriovenous fistulas and renal aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms. These latter may often require emergency intervention as they can cause renal or peri-renal hematomas or significant hematuria. Transcatheter arterial embolization is also an effective therapy for intractable severe bladder hematuria secondary to a number of neoplastic and inflammatory conditions in the pelvis, including unresectable bladder cancer and radiation-induced or cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis. Endovascular interventional procedures for the penis are indicated for the treatment of post-traumatic priapism. In this article, we review the main endovascular radiological interventions of the male urogenital system, describing the technical aspects, results, and complications of each procedure at the various anatomical districts.

Keywords: angiography; bladder; embolization; kidney; priapism; urogenital system.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm, False*
  • Arteriovenous Fistula* / diagnostic imaging
  • Arteriovenous Fistula* / therapy
  • Embolization, Therapeutic*
  • Endovascular Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiology, Interventional
  • Treatment Outcome