Cannabis, Cannabidiol Oils and Tetrahydrocannabinol-What Do Veterinarians Need to Know?

Animals (Basel). 2021 Mar 20;11(3):892. doi: 10.3390/ani11030892.


As cannabis-derived products have become more available, veterinarians are seeing more cases of toxicosis. In addition, animal owners are having an increasing interest in using these products for their pets. This review looks at the situation in Europe and North America, the different types of cannabis and cannabis-derived products with historical examples of use in animals, and the cannabis industry. The existing regulatory framework for use in humans and animals as medicines and/or supplements was examined. Finally, a review of the clinical indications for which medicinal cannabis is authorised, a discussion of toxicosis, and recommendations and warnings around medical cannabis use are presented.

Keywords: CBD oils; Marinol; THC (Delta-9-trans tetrahydrocannabinol or tetrahydrocannabinol); cannabidiol (CBD); cannabinoids; cannabis; cat; companion animals; dog; horse; toxicity; veterinary medicine; veterinary use.

Publication types

  • Review