Association between pet ownership and sleep in the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS)

Sci Rep. 2021 Apr 2;11(1):7468. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-87080-7.


Preliminary findings suggest that pets may impact the owner's sleep. By using data from the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bIoimage Study (SCAPIS) cohort, we aimed to investigate the association of pet ownership with the following self-reported sleep outcomes in 3788 to 4574 participants: (i) achieving the recommended daily sleep duration for adults (i.e., at least 7 h per day); (ii) sleep quality as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (a score of > 5 indicating poor sleep quality); and (iii) difficulty falling or staying asleep. Sleep metrics were not associated with pet ownership, dog ownership, and dog walking when controlling the logistic regression for possible confounders (e.g., shift work, lack of social interaction, and chronic stress). In contrast, cat ownership was associated with a higher odds ratio of failing to achieve the recommended duration of 7 h of sleep per day (adjusted odds ratio [95% CI]:1.18 [1.02, 1.37] versus non-cat owners). Our findings suggest that certain pet groups might have a more significant impact on the owner's sleep than others. As the observed association between cat ownership and short sleep duration might be a chance finding, this observation should be seen as hypothesis-generating only.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Heart / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ownership*
  • Pets / physiology*
  • Sleep / physiology*
  • Sweden