Revisiting antibody-drug conjugates and their predictive biomarkers in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer

Semin Cancer Biol. 2021 Dec:77:42-55. doi: 10.1016/j.semcancer.2021.03.031. Epub 2021 Apr 1.


Until to date, platinum derived drugs are still the backbone of treating ovarian cancer (OC). Most patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy develop resistance during the course of their management. The treatment of platinum-resistant ovarian cancer (PROC) is challenging. Few therapeutic options are available for patients with this aggressive disease. Besides, there are liminal advances regarding new anticancer drugs as well as validated predictive biomarkers of clinical outcomes in this setting. The enrollment of PROC patients in interventional studies is limited as compared to newly launched clinical trials for platinum-sensitive OC. Enthusiastically, the emergence of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) has provided promising findings for further clinical development in PROC. ADCs have the advantage to selectively deliver cytotoxic drugs to cancer cells expressing several of antigens using specific monoclonal antibodies based on the concept of immune bioconjugation. This innovative class of therapeutics showed encouraging early signs of clinical efficacy in PROC particularly mirvetuximab soravtansine that has been successfully introduced into three randomized and controlled phase III studies. In this review, the evidence from clinical trials supporting the development of ADCs targeting folate receptor alpha, sodium-dependent phosphate transporter 2B, dipeptidase 3, mesothelin, mucin 16, and tissue factor using various cytotoxic payloads in PROC is reviewed.

Keywords: Antibody-drug conjugates; Ovarian cancer; Platinum-resistant; Predictive biomarkers.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis*
  • Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial / drug therapy*
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / drug effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoconjugates / pharmacology*
  • Platinum Compounds


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Immunoconjugates
  • Platinum Compounds