Integration of municipal state, society, and university efforts for sanitary risk prevention associated with Aedes aegypti mosquito in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Trop Med Int Health. 2021 Apr 4. doi: 10.1111/tmi.13581. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

The sanitary problem of Aedes aegypti mosquito acquires relevance around the world because it is the vector of dengue, zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever. The vector is adapting to southern regions faster and the propagation of these diseases in urban areas is a complex problem for society. We aimed to contribute to the risk prevention of disease transmission in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires, through monitoring Aedes aegypti population-levels and developing education campaigns with government agencies and society participation. Monitoring activities aimed to diagnostic the presence of the vector and its ecology behavior, and to generate education and prevention politics to avoid its propagation. The results show that (1) the mosquito is in the territory and it is spreading, (2) prevention activities of the municipalities are insufficient to generate an effective sanitary response, and (3) it is necessary to improve the education programs to the population about the life cycle of the vector. The integration of university, government, and society improved the work of the team because it combined knowledge about vector ecology, diseases, and territory characteristics.

Keywords: Aedes aegypti; and university articulation; municipal state; sanitary risk prevention; society.