Long non-coding RNA receptor activator of nuclear factor-κ B ligand promotes cisplatin resistance in non-small cell lung cancer cells

Exp Ther Med. 2021 May;21(5):518. doi: 10.3892/etm.2021.9949. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Abstract

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common malignancy associated with poor clinical outcomes and high mortality rate. The association between NSCLC development and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression remains to be elucidated. The current study investigated the role of a novel lncRNA, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κ B ligand (RANKL), in the resistance of NSCLC to chemotherapy. RANKL expression was assessed via reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, cell death rate was evaluated using flow cytometry and sensitivity of cisplatin (DDP)-resistant A549/DDP cells to chemotherapy was determined using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Western blotting was performed to quantify p53 protein levels. Compared with matched A549 cells, A549/DDP cells exhibited significant upregulation of RANKL expression. Sensitivity of A549/DDP cells to DDP was restored following RANKL knockdown. A549 cells overexpressing RANKL exhibited notably impaired DDP sensitivity compared with controls. Conversely, downregulated RANKL expression triggered cell death and inhibited cell migration via p53 stimulation and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B pathway suppression. The current findings indicate that RANKL contributes to DDP resistance in NSCLC and may represent a novel therapeutic target in this malignancy.

Keywords: cisplatin resistance; long non-coding RNA receptor activator of nuclear factor-κ B ligand; non-small-cell lung cancer; p53.

Grant support

Funding: The current study was supported by the Science Plan Project of Cangzhou City (grant no. 183302108).