Clinical and Prognostic Pan-Cancer Analysis of N6-Methyladenosine Regulators in Two Types of Hematological Malignancies: A Retrospective Study Based on TCGA and GTEx Databases

Front Oncol. 2021 Mar 18;11:623170. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.623170. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is one of the most active modification factors of mRNA, which is closely related to cell proliferation, differentiation, and tumor development. Here, we explored the relationship between the pathogenesis of hematological malignancies and the clinicopathologic parameters. The datasets of hematological malignancies and controls were obtained from the TCGA [AML (n = 200), DLBCL (n = 48)] and GTEx [whole blood (n = 337), blood vascular artery (n = 606)]. We analyzed the m6A factor expression differences in normal tissue and tumor tissue and their correlations, clustered the express obvious clinical tumor subtypes, determined the tumor risk score, established Cox regression model, performed univariate and multivariate analysis on all datasets. We found that the AML patients with high expression of IGF2BP3, ALKBH5, and IGF2BP2 had poor survival, while the DLBCL patients with high expression of METTL14 had poor survival. In addition, "Total" datasets analysis revealed that IGF2BP1, ALKBH5, IGF2BP2, RBM15, METTL3, and ZNF217 were potential oncogenes for hematologic system tumors. Collectively, the expressions of some m6A regulators are closely related to the occurrence and development of hematologic system tumors, and the intervention of specific regulatory factors may lead to a breakthrough in the treatment in the future.

Keywords: hematological malignancies; m6A methylation regulators; pan-cancer analysis; prognosis; risk scores.