Purpose of review: This review article seeks to highlight common youth athlete knee conditions due to overuse or trauma and elucidate differences from the adult populations.
Recent findings: Overuse conditions presented include apophysitis, osteochondritis dissecans plica syndrome, and discoid meniscus. Traumatic conditions presented include patellar instability, patellar sleeve fracture, and patellofemoral osteochondral fractures. Knee injuries affect a significant proportion of youth athletes. These injuries place athletes at higher risk of chronic pain and potentially osteoarthritis. We have reviewed common overuse and traumatic knee injuries and differentiating factors between the adult population to improve and expedite the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis for youth athletes with knee injuries.
Keywords: Knee pain; Overuse injuries; Pediatric; Sports medicine; Traumatic injuries.