Review of the rechargeable sacral neuromodulation system to treat refractory overactive bladder

Ther Deliv. 2021 May;12(5):353-362. doi: 10.4155/tde-2021-0007. Epub 2021 Apr 6.


Overactive bladder is a medical condition that requires management. If left untreated, it may severely affect quality of life. When first- and second-line treatments fail, sacral neuromodulation can be a safe and effective option for patients with refractory overactive bladder. This article reviews the rechargeable sacral neuromodulation (Axonics).

Keywords: fecal incontinence; frequency; overactive bladder; rechargeable sacral neuromodulation; urge urinary incontinence.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Electric Stimulation Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Sacrum
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Bladder, Overactive* / therapy