Assessment of Jaw Bone Quality for Designing Patient-Specific Dental Implant Using Computed Tomography Data

J Long Term Eff Med Implants. 2021;31(1):49-58. doi: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.2021036995.

Abstract

It is essential to assess bone density among mandible teeth as well as among patients and also to observe the variation in all mechanical parameters of the bone for accurate design of patient-specific dental implants. This information helps in the design of implants to create a more osseointegration-friendly environment at the bone adjacent to the implant. For this study, 40 patients were chosen irrespective of age, sex, and bone density. Hounsfield Units were calculated using cone beam computed tomography data. Seven teeth were studied: central incisor, lateral incisor, canine, first premolar, second premolar, first molar, and second molar. A total of 12 arbitrary points were chosen in both buccal and lingual sides which were further divided into external and internal. From the analysis, it was observed that the bone density of the central incisor and that of the canine is greater than that of the molars.

MeSH terms

  • Bicuspid
  • Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
  • Dental Implants*
  • Humans
  • Mandible / diagnostic imaging
  • Maxilla

Substances

  • Dental Implants