Dengue and leptospirosis infection during the coronavirus 2019 outbreak in Sri Lanka

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Apr 6;trab058. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trab058. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

A significant decrease in dengue fever cases and a contrasting increase in leptospirosis cases were reported for the second quarter of 2020 compared with 2019 in Sri Lanka. In the absence of significant environmental and weather-related differences to account for these changes in incidence, we investigated the possibility that the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on public health, social behaviour and the restrictions imposed during the lockdown influenced the fluctuations in dengue and leptospirosis infections.

Keywords: COVID-19; dengue fever; leptospirosis; pandemic; tropical infections.