MRI Dynamic Contrast Imaging of Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Tumors

Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2021 Apr 1;30(2):97-104. doi: 10.1097/RMR.0000000000000283.

Abstract

In the past decade, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging has had an increasing role in assessing the microvascular characteristics of various tumors, including head and neck cancer. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging allows noninvasive assessment of permeability and blood flow, both important parametric features of tumor hypoxia, which is in turn a marker for treatment resistance for head and neck cancer.In this article we will provide a comprehensive review technique in evaluating tumor proliferation and application of its parameters in differentiating between various tumor types of the oral cavity and how its parameters can correlate between epidermal growth factor receptor and human papillomavirus which can have an implication in patient's overall survival rates.We will also review how the parameters of this method can predict local tumor control after treatment and compare its efficacy with other imaging modalities. Lastly, we will review how its parameters can be used prospectively to identify early complications from treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Contrast Media*
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Mouth / diagnostic imaging*
  • Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / virology
  • Papillomaviridae / physiology

Substances

  • Contrast Media
  • ErbB Receptors