Subtalar arthroereisis for the treatment of the symptomatic paediatric flexible pes planus: a systematic review

EFORT Open Rev. 2021 Feb 1;6(2):118-129. doi: 10.1302/2058-5241.6.200076. eCollection 2021 Feb.


Subtalar arthroereisis has a controversial history and has previously been associated with high failure rates and excessive complications.A database search for outcomes of arthroereisis for the treatment of symptomatic paediatric flexible pes planus provided 24 articles which were included in this review, with a total of 2550 feet operated on.Post-operative patient-reported outcome measures recorded marked improvement. Patient satisfaction was reported as excellent in 79.9%, and poor in 5.3%. All radiological measurements demonstrated improvement towards the normal range following arthroereisis, as did hindfoot valgus, supination, dorsiflexion and Viladot grade.Complications were reported in 7.1% of cases, with a reoperation rate of 3.1%.Arthroereisis as a treatment for symptomatic paediatric flexible pes planus produces favourable outcomes and high patient satisfaction rates with a reasonable risk profile. There is still a great deal of negativity and literature highlighting the complications and failures of arthroereisis, especially for older implants.The biggest flaws in the collective literature are the lack of high-quality prospective studies, a paucity of long-term data and the heterogeneity of utilized outcome measures between studies. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:118-129. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.6.200076.

Keywords: arthroereisis; flatfoot; flexible; paediatric; pes planus.

Publication types

  • Review