Twenty-Four-Month Outcomes of Drug-Coated Balloon in Diabetic Patients in the BIOLUX P-III Registry: A Subgroup Analysis

Ann Vasc Surg. 2021 Aug;75:237-252. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2021.02.050. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to assess the use of drug-coated balloon (DCB) in a large patient population under real-world conditions and, specifically, analyse the impact of diabetes mellitus on long term outcomes following DCB utilisation.

Methods: BIOLUX P-III is a prospective, international, multicentre, registry that was conducted at 41 centres. The present study is a 24-month subgroup analysis of patients with diabetes mellitus having infrainguinal lesions treated with the Passeo-18 Lux DCB. The primary endpoints were freedom from major adverse events (MAEs) within 6 months of intervention and freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularisation (CD-TLR) within 12 months of intervention.

Results: Of the 882 patients in the registry, 418 had diabetes (516 lesions). Most diabetics had concomitant hypertension (88.8%) and hyperlipidaemia (70.3%). Insulin dependence was observed in 48.8% of diabetics. Moreover, smoking (62.2%) and chronic renal insufficiency (41.9%) were also found to be common in this cohort. Chronic limb threatening ischemia (Rutherford class ≥4) was present in 53.1% of all patients. 22.9% of lesions were infrapopliteal, while 22.5% of lesions were treated for in-stent restenosis. The mean target lesion length was 85.6 ± 73.2 mm, and 79.4% of lesions were calcified (of which 17.9% were heavily calcified). Overall, device success was 99.7%. Freedom from MAEs was 90.5% (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 87.2-93.0) at 6 months, 85.4% (95% CI: 81.5-88.6) at 12 months and 80% (95% CI: 75.5-83.8) at 24 months. Freedom from CD-TLR was 95.9% (95% CI: 93.8-97.4), 91.6% (95% CI: 88.7-93.8), and 87.1% (95% CI: 83.5-89.9) at 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. All-cause mortality at 24 months in diabetics was 16.0% (95% CI: 12.6-20.2), and major target limb amputation was 6.1% (95% CI: 4.1-8.9), which was significantly higher than in non-diabetics (8.4% (95% CI: 6.0-11.6), P = 0.0005 and 1.2% (95% CI: 0.5-2.9), P <0.0001, respectively). At 24 months, 82.0% of patients had improved by ≥1 Rutherford class.

Conclusion: Treatment of a real-world diabetic patient population with the Passeo-18 Lux DCB resulted in high efficacy and low complication rates, despite the fact that diabetic patients usually suffer from a multitude of concomitant comorbidities.

Clinical trial registration: NCT02276313.

Keywords: Diabetes; Drug-coated balloon; Drug-eluting balloon; Passeo-18 Lux; Peripheral artery disease.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amputation
  • Angioplasty, Balloon / adverse effects
  • Angioplasty, Balloon / instrumentation*
  • Asia / epidemiology
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible*
  • Diabetes Mellitus* / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Mellitus* / epidemiology
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Limb Salvage
  • Lower Extremity / blood supply*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multimorbidity
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / diagnosis
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / epidemiology
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / therapy*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Registries
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Access Devices*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02276313