Infection with a newly designed dual fluorescent reporter HIV-1 effectively identifies latently infected CD4 + T cells

Elife. 2021 Apr 9;10:e63810. doi: 10.7554/eLife.63810.

Abstract

The major barrier to curing HIV-1 infection is a small pool of latently infected cells that harbor replication-competent viruses, which are widely considered the origin of viral rebound when antiretroviral therapy (ART) is interrupted. The difficulty in distinguishing latently infected cells from the vast majority of uninfected cells has represented a significant bottleneck precluding comprehensive understandings of HIV-1 latency. Here we reported and validated a newly designed dual fluorescent reporter virus, DFV-B, infection with which primary CD4+ T cells can directly label latently infected cells and generate a latency model that was highly physiological relevant. Applying DFV-B infection in Jurkat T cells, we generated a stable cell line model of HIV-1 latency with diverse viral integration sites. High-throughput compound screening with this model identified ACY-1215 as a potent latency reversing agent, which could be verified in other cell models and in primary CD4+ T cells from ART-suppressed individuals ex vivo. In summary, we have generated a meaningful and feasible model to directly study latently infected cells, which could open up new avenues to explore the critical events of HIV-1 latency and become a valuable tool for the research of AIDS functional cure.

Keywords: HIV-1; cell model; human; infectious disease; latency reversing agent; latent infection; microbiology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Retroviral Agents / pharmacology
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / virology*
  • Fluorescent Dyes / pharmacology
  • Genes, Reporter
  • HIV Infections / virology*
  • HIV-1 / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Jurkat Cells
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Virus Integration
  • Virus Latency*
  • Virus Replication

Substances

  • Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Luminescent Proteins