Timing of diffusion weighted imaging lesions in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage

J Neurol Sci. 2021 Jun 15;425:117434. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2021.117434. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Abstract

Introduction: Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) lesions are common after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH). However, their timing relative to a patient's admission to the hospital is unknown. The purpose of this study is to estimate the timing of new DWI lesions after admission for acute sICH.

Material and methods: Select patients enrolled in a single center prospective study examining the prevalence DWI lesions in acute primary sICH received two MRI scans of the brain after admission. The presence of a new DWI lesion between MRI scans was defined as a new DWI event. A lognormal parametric model was used to estimate the median time (50% percentile) to develop a new DWI lesion.

Results: Among the 121 participants enrolled in the study, 63 (52%) had two brain MRIs. The median time from admission to 1st MRI was 1 day (IQR 1.2, range 0.1-8.4). The median time between the 2 MRI scans was 2.1 (IQR 2.9, range 0.02-17.4) days. 30.2% (n = 19) of participants developed a new DWI lesion between MRI scans. The estimated median time from 1st MRI to new DWI event was 6.3 days (95% CI, 4.1 to 9.6).

Discussion and conclusion: Accounting for time from admission to 1st MRI, we found that 50% of new DWI lesions occurred by 7.3 days after sICH admission. Pathophysiologic changes in sICH during this time frame need to be studied in order to elucidate a mechanism for DWI lesions.

Keywords: DWI lesions; Intracerebral hemorrhage; Timing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Ischemia*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage* / diagnostic imaging
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Humans
  • Prospective Studies