High temperature stress induces expression of CYP450 genes and contributes to insecticide tolerance in Liriomyza trifolii

Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2021 May;174:104826. doi: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2021.104826. Epub 2021 Mar 10.


Liriomyza trifolii is an invasive leafminer fly that inflicts damage on many horticultural and vegetable crops. In this study, the effects of elevated temperatures on L. trifolii tolerance to insecticides abamectin (AB), monosultap (MO) and a mixture of abamectin and monosultap (AM) were firstly investigated, then five CYP450 genes (LtCYPs) were cloned, and expression patterns and NADPH cytochrome C reductase (NCR) activity in L. trifolii were compared in response to high temperature stress and insecticide exposure. Results showed elevated temperatures induced expression of LtCYP450s, the expression level of LtCYP4g1, LtCYP4g15 and LtCYP301A1 after exposed to different high temperature were significantly up-regulated compared with the control (25 °C), while there was no significant difference in LtCYP4E21 and LtCYP18A1. Under the joint high temperature and insecticide stress, the expression of LtCYP4g15, LtCYP18A1 and LtCYP301A1 was significantly higher under elevated temperatures than that of only under AB exposure. For MO and AM exposure, only 40 °C could induce the expression of LtCYP4g15, LtCYP18A1 and LtCYP301A1. In general, the LtCYPs expression pattern was correlated with increased NCR activity and decreased mortality in response to insecticide exposure under elevated temperatures. These all demonstrated that insecticide tolerance in L. trifolii could be mediated by high temperature. This study improves our understanding of L. trifolii physiology and offers a theoretical context for improved control that ultimately reduces the abuse of insecticides and decreases exposure to non-target organisms.

Keywords: CYP450s; High temperature; Insecticide tolerance; LC(50); Liriomyza trifolii.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Crops, Agricultural
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics
  • Diptera*
  • Insecticides* / toxicity
  • Temperature


  • Insecticides
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System