Objective: To assess serum FABP4 and other metabolic-related parameters in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) active and non-active episode.
Methods: Fifty-four SLE patients in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia in 2018-2019 were recruited and serum samples were collected in their active and non-active episode status. Serum was analyzed for FABP4, leptin, glucose, and triglycerides. The clinical characteristics were analyzed from medical records. Disease activity was assessed with the SLEDAI-2K (≥4 defined as an active; <4 as non-active episode).
Results: Significantly correlation of Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) (p = 0.001, r = 0.59) and C3 (p = 0.04, r = 0.47) between active and non-active episode. In non-active episode, there was significant correlation of FABP4 with Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) (p = 0.04, r = 0.26) and blood glucose (p = 0.01, r = -0.39). In active episode, there was significant correlation FABP4 with SBP (p = 0.04, r = -0.28) and triglyceride (p = 0.002, r = 0.55).
Conclusion: FABP4 correlates with high DBP in the non-active and high triglyceride serum in the active episode.
Keywords: SLEDAI-2K; Systemic lupus erythematosus; fatty acid binding protein 4; serum metabolite.